Engineering bricks are a type of brick that are commonly used in construction, particularly in the United Kingdom. They are used to construct anything from houses, warehouses, barns and in the construction of buildings across a variety of different industries.
History of the brick:
The first recorded use of bricks dates back to around 7000 BCE in what is now known as modern-day Turkey. These early bricks were made from mud and straw, and were sun-dried rather than fired in a kiln like modern-day bricks. These mud bricks were used to build simple structures such as walls and houses, and were also used for decorative purposes.
The use of sun-dried mud bricks continued for thousands of years in various parts of the world, including ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley civilization in South Asia. However, it wasn't until the advent of fired bricks in the third millennium BCE that brick construction became more widespread and sophisticated.
Fired bricks were first developed in the Near East and were made from a mixture of clay and straw. These bricks were stronger and more durable than sun-dried mud bricks, and allowed for the construction of taller and more complex structures such as temples and fortifications. The use of fired bricks spread to other parts of the world, including ancient Greece and Rome, and eventually became a cornerstone of building construction that continues to this day.
1. Raw material preparation:
The raw materials used to make engineering bricks typically include clay and shale. The clay and shale are first mined from the ground and transported to the brick factory where they are crushed and ground into a fine powder.
2. Mixing: The clay and shale powder is then mixed with water to form a clay body. Other materials, such as sand or grog (crushed fired clay), may also be added to improve the strength and durability of the bricks.
3. Molding: The clay body is then shaped into bricks using a hydraulic or pneumatic press. The press applies pressure to the clay, forcing it into a mold to form the desired shape and size of the brick.
4. Drying: The newly molded bricks are then dried in a kiln for several days to remove any remaining moisture. This is important to prevent the bricks from cracking or warping during firing.
5. Firing: The dried bricks are then fired in a kiln at high temperatures (typically between 1,000 and 1,200 degrees Celsius) for several days. This process is known as vitrification, and it causes the clay minerals to fuse together, creating a hard, dense brick.
Finishing: Once the bricks have been fired, they are inspected for quality and sorted according to size and color. Some bricks may be glazed or coated to improve their appearance or performance.
Overall, the manufacturing process for engineering bricks is a complex and highly controlled process that requires specialized equipment and expertise. The resulting bricks are strong, durable, and able to withstand the demands of construction projects in the United Kingdom.
The cost of an average engineering brick in the UK:
The cost of an average engineering brick can vary depending on several factors, including location, demand, and availability of materials. Here are some approximate costs for an average engineering brick in each country in the UK: England: In England, the cost of an average engineering brick is typically around £0.50 to £0.70 per brick.
Scotland: In Scotland, the cost of an average engineering brick is typically around £0.60 to £0.80 per brick.
Wales: In Wales, the cost of an average engineering brick is typically around £0.50 to £0.70 per brick.
Northern Ireland: In Northern Ireland, the cost of an average engineering brick is typically around £0.50 to £0.70 per brick.
It's important to note that these prices are only approximate and may vary depending on a variety of factors. SORT IT AI simplifies the process of costing by letting you compare the cost of bricks and any other material across multiple suppliers for the best specifications instantly.